A spongy material that binds the coconut fibre in the husk, coir pith is finding new applications. It is an excellent soil conditioner and is being extensively used as a soil-less medium for agri-horticultural purposes. With its moisture retention qualities, coir pith is ideal for growing anthuriums and orchids. Available in raw form or converted into organic manure.
Coir pith is also known as coco pith, or cocopeat, for its role as a substitute for peat moss in gardening. Brown coir pith comes from ripe, mature coconuts, while younger, immature coconuts produce white coir pith. To produce coir pith, the waste from coir fiber is washed, treated, dried, and graded. It may be shipped in powder or compressed into blocks for gardening use.
Coir pith is naturally waterproof, is one of the few natural fibers resistant to saltwater damage, has a neutral pH balance, and is widely available and environmentally friendly. These qualities make it an ideal substance for agriculture and horticulture. Coir pith has the ability to retain large amounts of water. It is used as a replacement for traditional peat moss to supplement gardening soil. It is also used as a soil-less medium for some plant cultivation.
By itself, coco pith does not contain a high amount of nutrients. For this reason, it is typically an addition to gardening soil. Because it is free of bacteria and fungus and is generally believed to be an insect and mold repellent, it makes a welcome gardening addition. Coco pith is mixed with sand, compost, and fertilizer to make high-quality potting soil. It can be used for growing mushrooms, thanks to its high cellulose level.
One of coco pith’s most attractive qualities is that it can be reused up to three times, making it more sustainable than peat moss and other alternatives. Considered environmentally friendly and widely available, coir pith makes an excellent addition as a multi-purpose growing medium.